Low-cost Private Education
Impacts on Achieving Universal Primary Education
In recent years developing countries have expanded their government education systems in an attempt to meet the Millennium Development Goals on education by 2015. One consequence has been a dramatic growth in low-cost private education institutions, which are increasingly being seen as a popular alternative to the public education system.
Using independent first-hand research, this study investigates the low-cost private education sector in India, Nigeria and Uganda. The contributors explain the mushrooming of these schools and consider the impact they have on access to education for the poor. They argue that with proper regulation, supervision and government support, private schools can help to achieve education for all by filling gaps in public education.
This study will serve as an invaluable resource to anyone interested in educational planning and policy-making in developing countries.
List of Acronyms
1. General Introduction
2. Study Introduction
Defining the low-cost private sector
3. The International Context
Private schools and the impact of under-reporting
Stability of the market niche
Possible impacts/options for the low-cost private sector
Issues of freedom of choice
Issues of efficiency
Issues of equity
Issues of social cohesion
4. India by Subir Shukla and Priti Joshi
School types in India and low-cost private education
Tracking the scale and nature of the phenomenon
The demand for low-fee private education
Supply and quality issues
Impact on the system
5. Nigeria by Dr Abdurrahman Umar
Introduction: definitions and conceptualisations
Private schooling in Nigeria: a review of relevant literature
Research methodology and data analysis
The data analysis: national secondary data
Private schooling in Nigeria: summary of the national context
Analysis of case study data
Summary of findings on the case studies
Conclusions and recommendations
6. Uganda by Simon Kisira
Uganda: study materials
Comparison of government and private case study schools
Interview notes from Uganda study
Conversion of community schools into government schools
Management of private schools in Uganda
Procedures for establishing private schools
Bob Phillipson (Editor)Priti Joshi teaches Human and Child Development at the University of Delhi. Her major research has been on the inclusion of children with disabilities in regular schools.
Subir Shukla (Author)Dr Abdurrahman Umar is the Director of Academic Services at the National Teachers' Institute in Kaduna, Nigeria. His research interests and publications include education for disadvantaged groups particularly nomads, basic education, teacher development, and open and distance learning.
Priti Joshi (Author)Simon Kisira is the Monitoring and Evaluation Programme Officer for a Social Action Fund Project funded by Government of Uganda and the World Bank. He holds a postgraduate diploma in Monitoring and Evaluation from the University of Stellenbosch, South Africa and a Bachelor of Statistics and Economics from Makerere University in Kampala.
Dr Abdurrahman Umar (Author)Ian Smith was the Managing Director of Buani Consulting and had been closely involved in educational development in East Africa over the last quarter of a century. He was an education financing expert and an experienced trainer.
Simon Kisira (Author)Bob Phillipson is a public policy adviser and campaigner whose work has covered such issues as critical care for newborns, alcohol related crime, social enterprise, refugee assistance, water management across the Middle East and primary education.
Ian Smith (Author)Subir Shukla works on quality improvement of educational systems in India and other South Asian countries including Afghanistan. Formerly Chief Consultant to the Government of India, Shukla is now an independent consultant to state and national governments, NGOs and INGOs, and international bodies such as UNICEF.
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