The Big Divide

A Ten Year Report on Small Island Developing States and the Millennium Development Goals

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The Big Divide
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Publication date: 17 December 2012
Size: 280mm x 205mm
ISBN: 978-1-84929-088-3
Pages: 114

This report provides a comprehensive assessment of progress on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) from a small states perspective. The authors compare the performance of 46 small island developing states (SIDS) with 10 benchmark states, illuminating achievements and highlighting areas in which countries are falling behind.

The data, 2000–2010, shows that despite their many commonalities, a ‘big divide’ separates these countries across the range of MDG economic, social and environmental indicators. The report also highlights aspects of the MDG system that are not well attuned to the interests of small states, and recommends how these issues can be resolved. The analysis and recommendations presented in this study will be very useful in the context of on-going international discussions on the MDGs in the light of their conclusion in 2015, and in consideration of successor goals.

ContentsExpand or collapse me
List of figures
List of tables
Abbreviations and acronyms
About the authors

1. Introduction and Key Findings
1.1 Progress and population size
1.2 MDG 1: Poverty relief
1.3 MDG 2: Universal education
1.4 MDG 3: Gender equality
1.5 MDG 4: Child health
1.6 MDG 5: Maternal health
1.7 MDG 6: Disease control
1.8 MDG 7: Sustainable environment
1.9 MDG 8: Partnerships
1.10 Assessing the real numbers
1.11 Lagging behind
1.12 Off-track status
1.13 Missing data
1.14 Use of percentages
1.15 Investment for progress
1.16 New measurements
1.17 Microstates and progress
1.18 Recommendations

2. Assessing Progress
2.1 Global financial crisis
2.2 Goals, targets and indicators
2.3 Data and sources
2.4 Defining performance status
2.5 Proximity to target
2.6 Comparisons, league tables and benchmarks
2.7 Country coverage

3. Findings
3.1 Targets achieved
3.2 Progress including missing data
3.3 Progress and population size
3.4 Missing data
3.5 Missing data and population size
3.6 Progress excluding missing data
3.7 Including or excluding missing data
3.8 Variation in missing data by MDG
3.9 Performance off-track
3.10 Comparative analysis
3.11 Progress by MDG

4. MDG 1: Poverty Relief
4.1 Overall performance
4.2 Missing data
4.3 Undernourishment
4.4 The BRIC states and the relief of poverty
4.5 Action on MDG 1: Poverty relief

5. MDG 2: Universal Education
5.1 Overall performance
5.2 Target 2A: Ensure boys and girls complete primary schooling
5.3 Action on MDG 2: Education

6. MDG 3: Gender Equality
6.1 Overall performance
6.2 Target 3A: Gender equality in education
6.3 Action on MDG 3: Gender equality

7. MDG 4: Child Health
7.1 Overall performance
7.2 Target 4A: Reducing child mortality by 2015
7.3 IMR and GDP
7.4 Some of the poorest countries achieving the greatest reduction in infant deaths
7.5 Changing the global strategy on saving infant lives
7.6 Action on Goal 4: Child health

8. MDG 5: Maternal Health
8.1 Overall performance
8.2 Target 5A: Reduce the maternal mortality ratio
8.3 Action on MDG 5: Maternal health

9. MDG 6: Disease Control
9.1 Overall performance
9.2 Targets 6A and 6B: Indicators 6.1–6.5: HIV/AIDS
9.3 Target 6C: Indicators 6.6–6.8: Malaria
9.4 Target 6C: Indicator 6.8: Children under 5-years-old treated with anti-malaria drugs
9.5 Target 6C: Indicators 6.9–6.10: Tuberculosis
9.6 Action on MDG 6: Disease control 54

10. MDG 7: Sustainable Environment
10.1 Overall performance
10.2 Target 7A: Sustainable development and environmental loss
10.3 Target 7B: Reduction in loss of biodiversity
10.4 Target 7C: People without access to safe water and sanitation
10.5 Target 7D: Improve lives of slum dwellers
10.6 Action on MDG 7: Environmental sustainability

11. MDG 8: Partnerships
11.1 Overall performance
11.2 Target 8D
11.3 Target 8F: Information and communications technologies
11.4 Action on MDG 8: Partnerships

12. Challenges of the MDG system
12.1 MDGs back on the menu?
12.2 Missing data
12.3 Waiting for data
12.4 National commitment to the MDGs
12.5 Adapting the MDG system to the needs of small states
12.6 A new technical and planning framework
12.7 Inter-state inequality
12.8 Intra-state inequality
12.9 Differing pressures of population growth
12.10 Appropriate technology for intervention
12.11 Predicting the impact of economic change
12.12 Models for development
12.13 Tools for planning
12.14 Policy implications
12.15 Next steps in policy development
12.16 Adapting the MDGs to local priorities

13. Conclusions and Recommendations
13.1 Greening the development process
13.2 The MDG system and adaption
13.3 Technical development and support
13.4 Recommendations

Annex 1. League and Performance Tables
Annex 2. Millennium Development Goals, Targets and Indicators
Annex 3. New Development of Indicators Relevant to SIDS

About the contributors Expand or collapse me

John L Roberts (Author)

Dr John L Roberts is a British international consultant on macroeconomics and sustainable development, living in Mauritius, who has worked there mainly with the Indian Ocean Commission and the Commonwealth Secretariat. In 2007, he was appointed Associate Professor at the University of Mauritius teaching on a Master’s programme on natural resources management.

Ibukunoluwa Ibitoye (Author)

Ibukunoluwa Ibitoye is currently working as a UK government economist. She previously worked as Economic Officer at the Commonwealth Secretariat across a range of international development issues relating to small states and international trade, as well as to human settlements and urban development.