A Handbook on Regional Integration in Africa
Towards Agenda 2063
Echoing the calls of Kwame Nkrumah and other pan-Africanists that ‘Africa Must Unite’, continental integration and unity have been on the agenda ever since African countries gained political independence. African regional integration is seen as key to enhancing political cooperation at the pan-African level, and of promoting economic growth, development and poverty reduction to help achieve many of the Sustainable Development Goals. Despite its central place in the African Union’s Agenda 2063 and plans to establish a continental free trade area, there remain many political, economic and institutional challenges to deeper integration and effective implementation of regional trade agreements.
A Handbook on Regional Integration in Africa: Towards Agenda 2063 provides a ready and accessible resource for trade policy-makers, parliamentarians, the private sector, academia and civil society, as well as the general public. Advising and informing on current dynamics, opportunities, challenges and policy options for Africa’s regional integration agenda, the publication is a unique resource for supporting capacity-building on African regional trade issues.
Foreword by The Rt Hon Patricia Scotland QC, Secretary-General of the Commonwealth
List of figures
List of tables
List of boxes
Abbreviations and acronyms
1 The Political Economy of Regional Integration in Africa
1.1 What is meant by regional integration?
1.2 What are the main regional integration arrangements in Africa?
1.3 What are the main models of regional integration?
1.4 Why is regional integration important for African countries?
1.5 What are the economic benefits of regional integration in Africa?
1.6 What is the role of the private sector in driving regional integration?
1.7 Does informal cross-border trade contribute to regional integration?
1.8 What are some of the best practices from the regional economic communities (RECs) to resolve non-tariff barriers (NTBs)?
1.9 How do African countries settle trade disputes with each other?
1.10 How can regional integration promote a balanced distribution of benefits?
1.11 Is there a role for the digital economy in promoting regional integration?
1.12 Is it possible to measure progress on regional integration in Africa?
2 Formal Frameworks and Policies for African Economic Integration
2.1 What was the Lagos Plan of Action (1980)?
2.2 What is the Abuja Treaty (1991)?
2.3 What progress has been made implementing the Abuja Treaty?
2.4 What is the AU’s Agenda 2063?
2.5 What is the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD)?
2.6 How relevant is NEPAD for Africa today?
2.7 What is the AU doing to promote greater intra-African trade?
2.8 What are the major initiatives to promote industrial development in Africa?
2.9 What are some of the major infrastructure initiatives in Africa today?
2.10 How can international partners support regional integration in Africa?
3 The Tripartite and Continental Free Trade Areas
3.1 What is the Tripartite Initiative?
3.2 What is the Tripartite Free Trade Area?
3.3 What is the Continental Free Trade Area?
3.4 Is there a roadmap for establishing the CFTA?
4 Way Forward: The Road to 2063
- Agriculture Expand or collapse me
- Democracy and elections Expand or collapse me
- Debt and finance policy
- Economic development Expand or collapse me
- Education, gender and health Expand or collapse me
- Law and human rights Expand or collapse me
- Public administration and governance Expand or collapse me
- Small states Expand or collapse me
- Trade Expand or collapse me
- Youth policy