Gender Mainstreaming in HIV/AIDS

Taking a Multisectoral Approach

Paperback: £60.00
978-0-85092-655-2

Gender Mainstreaming in HIV/AIDS

Series Title: New Gender Mainstreaming Series on Development Issues
Publication date: 1 January 2002
Size: 250mm x 190mm
ISBN: 978-0-85092-655-2
Pages: 186

Gender Mainstreaming in HIV/AIDS: Taking a Multisectoral Approach is the first in a new series of manuals from the Commonwealth Secretariat on gender mainstreaming in critical development issues. It is being co-published with the Maritime Centre of Excellence for Women’s Health (Dalhousie University and the IWK Health Centre).

By December 2001, 24.8 million people had died from HIV/AIDS and 40 million people were living with the disease. Women, especially young women, have increasing infection rates and the death rate among women is now almost as high as men. This has fed growing recognition that HIV/AIDS is not solely a health problem and that, to successfully address the pandemic, a gender perspective has to be mainstreamed into a broad-based and multisectoral response.

The Commonwealth approach to gender mainstreaming is the Gender Management System (GMS), a holistic, system-wide approach to bringing a gender perspective to bear in the mainstream of all government policies, plans and programmes. Efforts to contain the spread of HIV/AIDS challenge governments and communities to develop policies and programmes that are dynamic and react to the pandemic as it evolves. This calls for strong and creative leadership, including political will at the highest level and partnerships with all sectors of society.

The manual offers a number of case studies from developing and developed countries, which illustrate how programmes that promote HIV prevention by addressing gender and the social and economic factors that increase people’s risk of infection are more likely to succeed in changing behaviour. It also contains an extensive list of on-line resources. It is hoped that this co-publication will be used by development policy-makers, planners, field staff and others addressing the HIV/AIDS pandemic from a gender-aware, multisectoral perspective.

ContentsExpand or collapse me
Foreword
Preface
Executive Summary

1. Introduction
Scope and Objectives of This Manual
HIV/AIDS: An Overview
A Gender Framework
The Gender Management System Objectives

2. A Gender Analysis of HIV/AIDS
Overview
HIV/AIDS and Men
HIV/AIDS and Women
HIV/AIDS and Young People
The Role of Gender-based Violence in the Spread of HIV/AIDS

3. A Multisectoral Response to HIV/AIDS
The Need for a Multisectoral and Expanded Response
Examples of HIV/AIDS Issues and Responses by Sector

4. Case Studies of Gender-based Responses to Combating HIV/AIDS
Introduction
Case Study: Participatory Research with Marginalised Communities (Canada)
Case Study: HIV Prevention Programmes and Female Prostitutes (Canada)
Case Study: Marketing the Female Condom (Zimbabwe)
Case Study: HIV Counselling and Testing among Pregnant Women: Best Practices (Canada)
Case Study: Involving Men in Preventing Gender Violence and HIV Transmission (International)
Case Study: The School Without Walls: Sharing Knowledge and Skills with Community Groups (Southern Africa)
Case Study: Integrating Sexual and Reproductive Health Programmes (Bangladesh)
Case Study: Gender Differences in Sexual Health Promotion among Adolescents (Canada)

5. Tools and Resources
Gender Sensitivity Checklist
Online Resources

List of Acronyms
Bibliography

Appendices
1. UN Guidelines on HIV-related Human Rights
2. Global and Commonwealth Mandates on Gender and HIV/AIDS