Development Challenges of HIV/AIDS in Small States

Experiences from the Pacific, Southern Africa and the Caribbean

E-book (PDF): £29.00
978-1-84859-111-0
Paperback: £36.00
978-1-84929-058-6

Development Challenges of HIV/AIDS in Small States
Read online

Publication date: 11 October 2011
Size: 240mm x 156mm
ISBN: 978-1-84929-058-6
Pages: 94

Development Challenges of HIV/AIDS in Small States provides an up-to-date and comprehensive analysis of the economic impacts of the epidemic in the Pacific, Southern Africa and the Caribbean. The authors examine specific features of these three regions that contribute towards the spread of HIV/AIDS and identify the responses by various local and external stakeholders. What is clear from the research is that small states must see in the epidemic opportunities for modernisation and, with external support, put emphasis on strengthening policy design and implementation in key areas to strengthen the development effort so urgently needed by their populations.



ContentsExpand or collapse me

Contributors
Acknowledgements
List of tables
List of figures
Abbreviations and acronyms
Preface

1. Introduction
Taking a theoretical perspective
References

2. The Economics of HIV/AIDS in the Southern Africa Region
Happy Siphambe
2.1 Introduction
2.2 The HIV/AIDS status of small Commonwealth states in sub-Saharan Africa
2.3 Economic determinants of HIV/AIDS transmission
2.4 The economic impact of HIV/AIDS
Botswana Case
2.5 Using a growth model approach to assess the impact of HIV/AIDS on the small state of Botswana
2.6 Impact of HIV/AIDS on poverty
2.7 Response to HIV/AIDS in the region
2.8 Financing HIV/AIDS in the region
2.9 Policy recommendations: looking to the future
References

3. The Economics of HIV/AIDS in Small States: Evidence from Pacific Island Countries
Mahendra Reddy
3.1 Introduction
3.2 The economic and social impact of HIV/AIDS in the Pacific
3.3 Country case studies and social and economic risk factors
3.4 Local, regional and international donor financial assistance and its effectiveness
3.5 Summary and conclusion
References

4. HIV/AIDS in the Caribbean: Economic Issues, Economic Impact and Financing the Response
Karl Theodore
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Economic issues raised by HIV/AIDS: impact and response
4.3 Economic impact of HIV/AIDS
4.4 Responding to the epidemic: best practices
4.5 International funding for HIV/AIDS
4.6 International donor financing
4.7 World Bank
4.8 Inter-American Development Bank
4.9 Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria
4.10 US government and USAIDS
4.11 Effectiveness of expenditure
4.12 Conclusion
References

5. HIV/AIDS: The Challenges and the Opportunity for Small Countries
5.1 The impact of HIV/AIDS on the demography of countries
5.2 The extinction concern
5.3 The impact of HIV/AIDS on development
5.4 Out of evil …?
5.5 Conclusion
References

Appendix
Index

About the contributors Expand or collapse me

Karl Theodore (Author)

Karl Theodore is the Director of the Health Economics Unit, Centre for Health Economics and a Professor in the Department of Economics at the University of the West Indies. He has led a multidisciplinary team of professionals in producing a number of research studies as well as technical reports for governments and for international agencies.

Mahendra Reddy (Author)

Mahendra Reddy is Dean of the Faculty of Commerce, Hospitality and Tourism Studies at the Fiji Institute of Technology and Chair of Fiji’s Commerce Commission. He is the author of a wide array of papers and articles on economic policy and practice in Fiji and the greater South Pacific region.

Happy Siphambe (Author)

Happy Siphambe is an Associate Professor of Economics and Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences in the University of Botswana. He specialises in labour economics and general development economics issues.